Retika Wista Anggraini


The purpose of this study to find out whether or not writing drills to improve the second year students’ literacy skills as observed at SMP Negeri 1 Palembang. The population of this study consisted of eight classes with 156 male students and 154 female students. The population of this study are 320 students of the second year students of SMP Negeri 1 Palembang. The total number of sample was 80 students. A quasi experimental method was used in this study. The data collected by means of a pre-test given to both groups before the treatment and a post-test given after the treatment to both groups. To check whether the application of the instruction could run well as it was designed. the students were evaluated using t-test analysis of statistical product and service solution (SPSS) version 12 to run the analyses and interpreted quantitatively and qualitatively to satisfy the objectives of the study. The result showed that there was a significant acceleration in terms of the students’ reading and writing skills, and there was a positive respond towards this instruction. In conclusion, writing drills can improve the second year students’ literacy skills. Thus, the proposed instruction for reading and writing skills through writing drills either conceptually or practically is plausible to apply in any subjects, especially in reading and writing classes.

Key Words :literacy skills, writing drills

Full Text:



Allen and Valette. (1977). Language experience in communication. Boston : Houghton Mifflin.

Arikunto.(1998). Prosedur penelitian: Suatu pendekatan Praktek,(4thed). Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.

Byrne, H. (2001). Discouse analysis and the teaching of writing. ADFL Bulletin 15(2), 30-36. Retrieved from http//:www/

Bromley, Karen D. Angelo. (1992). Language arts: Exploring connections. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Brown, H.D. (1987). Principles of language learning and teaching, (4th ed). New York, NY: Longman. Pearson Education Company.

Cheek, Earl H., Rona F. Flippo, and Jimmy D. Lindsey. (1989). Reading for success in elementary school. Orlando, FL:Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.

Cresswell, J.W. (2005). Educational research: Planning, conducting&evaluating qualitative & quantitative research, (2 nded). Upper Saddle River, OH: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.

Cunningham, Patricia M and James Cunningham. (1992). Writing drills: Enhancing the invented reading-decoding connection. The reading teacher, 46 (2), 106-116. Retrieved from http:/ /

Department of National Education. (1999). Kurikulum bahasa Inggris untuk SMP. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Grellet, F. (1981). Developing reading skill: A practical guide to reading comprehension exercises. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Heilman, Arthur W. Timothy R Blair, and William H Rupley. (1981). Principles and practice of teaching reading. Columbus, OH: A Bell & Howell Company.

Hornby, A.S. (1983). Oxford advanced learner’s dictionary of current English. London: Oxford University Press.

McGee, L and Richgels, D. (1990). Literacy’s beginning; Supporting young readers and writers.Boston: Allyn and Bacon Inc.

Mickulecky, Beatrice, S., and Jeffries, L. (1996). More reading power. London: Longman Group UK Limited.

Novrieta, Dina. (2002). Increasing students’ reading comprehension achievement by using the DRA strategy at SMU YKPP I Plaju. Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Sriwijaya University.

Nunan, D. (2003). Practical English language teaching. New York: McGraw Hill.

Parker. (1983). Language development and learning to write. Newark, DE: International Reading Association

Saleh, Yuslizal. (1991). Technique for teaching English as a foreign language. Palembang: FKIP, Sriwijaya University.

Smalley. R.L., and Reutten,M.K. (1990). Refining composition skills: Rhetoric and grammar for ESL students. Boston, MA: Heinle and Heinle Publisher.

Taylor, D. (1983). Family literacy. Exeter, NH: Heinemann Educational Books. London: Longman Group UK Limited.

Teale, W. (1986). The beginning of reading and writing. Dubuque, IA: Kendal/Hunt.

Tierney, R,J. And D.D Pearson. (1985). Towards a composing model of reading context of reading. Norwood, New Jersey: Ablex Published Company.

Vallet, R. M. (2006). Modern language testing. New York, NY:Harcourt Brace Jovanich, Inc.

Wallen, Norman E and Jack R. Fraenkel. (1993). Educational Research: A guide to the process, 4th ed.New York, NY: Mc. Graw – Hill, Inc.

Zulkarnain. (1994). Testing student’s literacy competence in relation to teaching English as a foreign language at SMA NEGERI 3 Palembang. Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis. Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Sriwijaya University.



  • There are currently no refbacks.