The Advantages and Disadvantages of English Learning For Early Childhood Education in Indonesia

Ayu Paramita Sari

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Everyone is only able to speak one language, the language they acquired naturally and grow with that, but it does not close the possibility to speak more than one language with learn. Language is essentially a means of communication among the members of a society. Language becomes very important because everything that humans do with each other is with this media. Foreign language of course is different from the mother tongue. Whether a grammar, the use of letters and how to read that is different. And when a child is told to learn thousands of foreign language vocabulary, of course it will make them stressful because how to spell and pronounce it is different from the mother tongue. But when someone does an adaptation in the social environment, then someone will use language that is adapted to the situation and conditions. Indonesia is a unitary country and also called as multicultural country, because Indonesia has a variety of languages and cultures. Indonesia still has one language called as Indonesia Language which is used as a national language to unite various regional languages. English, which is a foreign language in Indonesia, has a big role for Indonesia itself. Learning language in the early childhood is a good and also bad in the same time.

Keywords : Language, Foreign Language, Early Childhood, Mother Tongue

ABSTRAK

Setiap orang hanya dapat berbicara satu bahasa, bahasa yang mereka peroleh secara alami dan besar dengannya, tetapi tidak menutup kemungkinan untuk berbicara lebih dari satu bahasa dengan belajar. Bahasa pada dasarnya adalah alat komunikasi di antara  masyarakat. Bahasa menjadi sangat penting karena semua yang manusia lakukan satu sama lain adalah dengan media ini. Bahasa asing tentu saja berbeda dengan bahasa ibu. Baik tata bahasa, penggunaan huruf dan cara membaca yang berbeda. Dan ketika seorang anak disuruh belajar ribuan kosakata bahasa asing, tentu saja itu akan membuat mereka stres karena cara mengeja dan mengucapkannya berbeda dari bahasa ibu. Tetapi ketika seseorang melakukan adaptasi di lingkungan sosial, maka seseorang akan menggunakan bahasa yang disesuaikan dengan situasi dan kondisi. Indonesia adalah negara kesatuan dan juga disebut sebagai negara multikultural, karena Indonesia memiliki beragam bahasa dan budaya. Indonesia masih memiliki satu bahasa yang disebut sebagai Bahasa Indonesia yang digunakan sebagai bahasa nasional untuk menyatukan berbagai bahasa daerah. Bahasa Inggris, yang merupakan bahasa asing di Indonesia, memiliki peran besar bagi Indonesia sendiri. Belajar bahasa pada anak usia dini adalah hal yang baik dan juga buruk pada saat yang bersamaan.

Kata kunci : Bahasa, Bahasa Asing, Pendidikan usia dini, Bahasa Ibu

Full Text:

PDF

References


Annisa. P. 2019. Pengaruh bahasa asing terhadap bahasa Indonesia di tengah arus globalisasi. Publication. https://osf.io/ gk5h7/download/?format=pdf, 25 Maret 2019 (14:23).

Bakken.L., Brown.N., & Downing.B. 2017. Early Childhood Education:The Long-Term Benefits. Journal of Research in Childhood Education 31(2): 255-269.

Bond, K. 2002. Profile of a successful language learner. Publication. http://www3.telus.net /linguisticsissues/successful.html. 25 Januari 2019 (13:15).

Budianta, M. 2007. Diverse voices: Indonesian literature and nation-building. In Lee H. G.and Suryadinata, L. (Eds.), Language, nation and development in Southeast Asia (p.51-73). Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.

Crystal, D. 1997. English as a Global Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Crystal, D. 2003. A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. Oxford: Blackwell. Publication::http://data.ulis.vnu.edu.vn/jspui/bitstream/123456789/1966/1/54 _1405152974.pdf.18 Desember 2018 (14:53).

Crystal, D. 2003a. English as a Global Language. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Crystal, D. 2003b The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language. 2nd edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Dardjowidjojo, S. 1996. The socio-political aspects of English in Indonesia. TEFLIN Journal, 8;1-13.

Dardjowidjojo, S. 2003a. The Role of English in Indonesia: A Dilemma. K.E. Sukamto (Ed), Rampai Bahasa, Pendidikan, dan Budaya: Kumpulan Esai Soenjono Dardjowidjojo, 41-50. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Dardjowidjojo, S. 2003b. English Policies and Their Classroom Impact in Some ASEAN/Asian Countries. K.E. Sukamto (Ed), Rampai Bahasa, Pendidikan, dan Budaya: Kumpulan Esai Soenjono Dardjowidjojo, 63-82. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Dardjowidjojo, S. 2003c. The Socio-Political Aspects of English in Indonesia. K.E. Sukamto (Ed), Rampai Bahasa, Pendidikan, dan Budaya: Kumpulan Esai Soenjono Dardjowidjojo, 51-62. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Dardjowidjojo, S. 2003d. English Teaching: Where and How Do We Begin? K.E. Sukamto (Ed), Rampai Bahasa, Pendidikan, dan Budaya: Kumpulan Esai Soenjono Dardjowidjojo, 29-40. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Eduacation Northwest. 2015.Treating language strength and benefit bilingualism. Publication. http://educationnorthwest.org/ northwest-matters/treating-language-strength-enefits-bilingualism. 11 May 2015 (13:45).

Ellis, R. 1985. Understanding second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Farzaneh. M., & Movahed.M. 2015. Disadvantage to pre-school children learning a foreign language. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 5(4): 858-864.

Gunnantar. D.A 2016. The impact of English as an international language on English language teaching in Indonesia. LANGUAGE CIRCLE: Journal of Language and Literature. I(10).

Harley. B. 1986. Age in Second Language Acquisition. England, Multilingual Matters Ltd.

Hoff. E. 2004. Language of Development 3rd Edition. Belmont: CA. Wadsworth Publishing Company, Inc.

Jenkins, J. 2003. World Englishes. A Resource Book for Students. London: Routledge

J. Schweinhart, L. 1993. Significant Benefits: The High/Scope Perry Preschool Study through Age 27. Ypsilante, Mich.: High/Scope Press.

Kemendiknas, 2010. Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Republik Indonesia (Permen Diknas RI) Nomor 58 Tahun 2009 tentang Standar Pendidikan AnakUsia Dini (PAUD). Jakarta: Kemendiknas.

Koenig.S. 2019. The positive and negative effects of learning a foreign language. Publication.https://www.theclassroom.com/positive-effects-learning-foreign-language-8207715.html 15 Januari 2019 (14:23)

Kramsch.C. & Sullivan. P .(1996). Appropriate pedagogy. Publication. http://citeseerx. ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.457.6366&rep=rep1&type=pdf 15 Februari (13:45)

Kramiņa, I. 2000. Lingo – Didactic Theories Underlying Multi – Purpose Language Acquisition. University of Latvia

Krashen.S. 1982. Principles and Practice in Second Language Acquisition. University of Southern California: Los Angeles. Pergamon Press Inc.

Kusumohamidjojo, B. 2000. Kebhinnekaan Masyarakat Indonesia: Suatu Problematik Filsafat Kebudayaan. Jakarta: Grasindo.

Lauder, A. 2008. The status and function of English in Indonesia: A review of key factors. Makara, Sosial Humaniora, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp.9-20.

Liao, P. S. 1996. Second Language Acquisition. Publication. http://www.cyberlearn. fau.edu/edf77422/SecondLanguageAcquisition.html. 12 Maret (11:55)

Lightbown, P.M. & Spada, N. 1999. How languages are learned. Oxford, OUP.

Mulya, Y.A & Pratiwi, W.R.E. 2017. Bahaya BLAST bagi anak dan peran dukungan sosial orang tua. Retrieved from http://psikologi.uin-malang.ac.id/?p =4264 15 Juni 2018(14:33)

NAEYC. 2009. Early childhood education. Publication. https://www.naeyc.org/sites/ default/files/globally-shared/downloads /PDFs/resources/position-statements/ PSDAP.pdf. 4 Maret 2019 (13:33)

Pratimi.S. 2019. Paud. Publication. Www. Academia.Edu/4000709/Paud 21 Januari 2019 (13:33)

Rahayu, A. P. 2015. Menumbuhkan bahasa Indonesia yang baik dan benar dalam pendidikan dan pengajaran. Jurnal Paradigma, 2 (1): 1-15.

Reilly, T. 1988. Maintaining foreign language skills. ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics: ED296573

Risman, E. 2019. Ini dampak negatif menyekolahkan anak terlalu dini. The Kolaborasik. Publication. http://Kolaborasikk.com/news/ini-dampak-negatif-menyekolahkan-anak-terlalu-dini-59 2 April 2019(15:33)

Saddhono, K. 2012. Kajian sosiolinguistik pemakaian bahasa mahasiswa asing dalam pembelajaran bahasaIndonesia untuk penutur asing (BIA) di Universitas Sebelas Maret. Kajian Linguistik dan Sastra, 24(2): 176-186.

Saddhono, K. 2014. Pengantar sosiolingistik teori dan konsep dasar. Surakarta:UNS Press.

Schweinhart, L.J. 1993. Significant Benefits: The High/Scope Perry Preschool Study through Age 27. Ypsilante, Mich.: High/Scope Press.

Simatupang, M. 1999. Bahasa Inggris: Variasi yang mana? Suatu tinjauan ulang tentang status bahasa Inggris di Indonesia [English: which variant? A review of the status of English in Indonesia. In B. Purwo (Ed.), PELLBA 12 (Pertemuan linguistik lembaga bahasa Atma Jaya kedua belas) [Lingustics Conference of Atma Jaya Language Center 12] (pp. 63- 84). Jakarta: Pusat Kajian dan Budaya Unika Atma Jaya.

Sirbu.A. 2015. The significance of language as a tool of communication. Mircea cel Batran. Naval Academy Scientific Bulletin, XVIII (2):405-406.

Skehan, P. 2002. Individual differences in second and foreign language learning. Publication.http://www.lang.ltsn.ac.uk/resources/goodpractice.aspx?resoureid.21 Januari 2018 (15:35).

Suminar, R. P. 2016. Pengaruh bahasa gaul terhadap penggunaan bahasa Indonesia mahasiswa Unswagati. Jurnal Logika, 18 (3): 114-119.

UUSPN/Undang-Undang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional. 2003. Sistem pendidikan nasional(national education system). Jakarta: Depdiknas.

Walqui, A. 2000. Contextual Factors in Second Language Acquisition. Publication. http:// www.cal.org/ericcll/digest/0005contextual.html. 3 Juli 2018 (13:33)




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36982/jge.v8i1.955

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.