Students’ Perception of Teachers’ Bilingual Language Use in EFL Classroom

Desi Surayatika



Students’ perception of teachers’ bilingual language use was based on bilingual approach in English language learning in which the students’ first language ( L1 ) is combined with the target language ( L2 ) being studied to be a language instruction used by the teacher to conduct an English classroom.  The purpose of this research was to find out the students’ perception toward the use of Bilingual language they are English and Indonesian by the teacher in EFL classroom. This research was a qualitative approach with the forty students as the sample. In collecting the data, questionnaire was used. The data was analyzed through Likert Scale in order to find out students’ perception of teachers’ bilingual language use in EFL classroom. Based on the result of data analysis and interpretation of the data gained from questionnaire, it indicates that students show their positive perceptions to the use of bilingual language done by the teacher as language instruction in their English classroom. Finally, the result of the research would give a contribution to the improvement of the classroom language instruction used by the teacher in an English language learning classroom particularly for teaching the students who were learning English as a foreign language ( EFL ).

Keyword : Bilingual, Students’ Perception, language use, EFL classroom


Persepsi siswa tentang penggunaan dua bahasa oleh guru didasarkan pada pendekatan bilingual dalam pembelajaran bahasa Inggris di mana bahasa pertama siswa ( L1 ) dikombinasikan dengan bahasa target (L2) yang dipelajari menjadi pengajaran bahasa yang digunakan oleh guru untuk melaksanakan pembelajaran bahasa Inggris di kelas. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui persepsi siswa terhadap penggunaan dua bahasa yaitu bahasa Inggris dan bahasa Indonesia oleh guru di kelas EFL. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan empat puluh siswa sebagai sampel. Dalam mengumpulkan data, kuesioner digunakan. Data dianalisis melalui Skala Likert untuk mengetahui persepsi siswa tentang penggunaan dua bahasa oleh guru di kelas EFL. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data dan interpretasi data yang diperoleh dari kuesioner, hal ini menunjukkan bahwa siswa memiliki persepsi positif  terhadap penggunaan dua bahasa yang dilakukan oleh guru sebagai bahasa pengantar di kelas bahasa Inggris.. Pada akhirnya, hasil penelitian diharapkan dapat memberikan kontribusi pada peningkatan pengajaran bahasa Inggris di kelas yang digunakan oleh guru di kelas pembelajaran bahasa Inggris terutama untuk mengajar siswa yang belajar bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa asing ( EFL ).

Kata kunci : Dua bahasa, Persepsi Siswa, penggunaan bahasa, kelas EFL

Full Text:



Atkinson, D. 1987. The mother tongue in the classroom – a neglected resource?. ELT Journal, 44 (4), 241-247.

Bouangeune, S. 2009. Using L1 in teaching vocabulary to low English proficiency level students: A case study at the National University Laos. English Language Teaching, 3 (2).

Brown, H. D. 2000. Teaching by principles an interactive approach to language pedagogy. San Francisco, CA: Longman.

Celce-Murcia, M. 2005. Teaching English as a second or foreign language. Newbury House Publication.

Cook, V. 2001. Using the first language in the classroom, The Canadian Modern Language Review, 57 (3), 402-423.

Dujmović, M. 2007. The use of Croatian in the EFL classroom. Metodicki obzori, 2 (1), 91-100.

Fillmore, L. 1983. The language learner as an individual: Implication of research on individual differencesfor the ESL teacher. TESOL '82: Pacific Perspectives on Language Learning and Teaching.

Fraenkel, J. R., Wallen, N. E., & Hyun, H.H. 2010. How to design and evaluate research in education (8th ed). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Gal, D.M., Gall, P.J., & Bort, R. 2003. Educational research on introduction. Essex: Pearson Education, Inc.

Handini, A. S. 2014. Students’ perception on the use of English as a medium of instruction. (Research Paper). Faculty of Language and Arts Education, Indonesia University of Education, Bandung.

Harnard, S. 1987. Psychophysical and cognitive aspects of categorical perception: A critical overview. [Online]. Retrieved from

Kelilo, J. A. 2012. Exploring the use of first language in ‘English focus’ EFL classroom: Focus on Jimma teachers’ college. Postgraduate School, JIMMA University.

Kumar, R. 2010. Perception. [Online]. Retrieved from 575/The-Concept-ofPerception#scribd.

Launder, A. The Status and Function of English in Indonesia: A Review of Key Factors. Retrieved from Makara Seri Sosial Humaniora/Vol 12

Miettinen, E. 2009. As much English as possible: A study on two secondary school English teachers’ language use and the motives behind their language choices. [Online]. Retrieved from handle/123456789/20274/miettin en_elisa.pdf?sequence=1.

Miles, R. 2004. Evaluating the use of L1 in the English Language Classroom: a case study in Japan University. Novitas Royal Youth and Language Journal 4, 64 - 95.

Mussen, P. 1973. Psychology: An introduction. Toronto: D.C Health and Company.

Ockert, D. 2005. Substantive scale verification: A likert scale analysis and critique of university student pedagogical activity preferences. JALT Hokkaido Journal, 9, 48-64.

Saville-Troike, M. 2006. Introducing second language acquisition. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Schweers, W. Jr. 1999. Using L1 in the L2 classroom. English Teaching Forum, 37 (2), 6-13.

Storch, N., & Wigglesworth, G. (2003). Is There a Role for the Use of the L1 in an L2 Setting? . TESOL Quarterly, 37 (4), 760-770.

Tsukamoto, M. 2011. Students’ perception of teachers’ language use in an EFL classroom. [Online]. Retrieved from 2011/kiyo_08_PDF/d2011_08.pdf

Swain, M., & Lapkin, S. 1998. Interaction and second language learning: Two adolescent French immersion students working together. Modern Language Journal 82, 320 - 337.

Walgito, B. 2001. Pengantar psikologi umum (5th edition). Yogyakarta: Penerbit ANDI

Zacharias, N. 2003. Teachers' beliefs about the use of the students' mother tongue: a survey of Tertiary English Teachers in Indonesia. EA Jou Journal, p.44.


  • There are currently no refbacks.