Analyzing Students’ Perception of Speaking Problems and Mispronunciation At English Department UIGM

Karunia Karunia, Retika Wista Anggraini, Rudi Hartono



This research aimed to identify the problems of speaking of sixth semester students of English Department UIGM based on their opinion, to reveal kinds of speaking activities that sixth semester students of English Department UIGM hope to be included in speaking courses, and to reveal how many mispronunciation errors that they made during the interview. The type of this research was descriptive research. The participants of the research were the four sixth semester students of English Department UIGM. The instrument used was interview. The result of the analysis showed that the participants have problems in speaking which are divided into two major problems; psychological and linguistic problems. The psychological problems include feeling nervous and being afraid to speak in English in front of the class. The second major problem is linguistic problems, which include problems in speaking aspects like pronunciation, grammar, and vocabulary. The participants suggested four activities that they hope to be included in speaking courses; singing, English speaking day, speaking with native speaker, and being an international event volunteer. The last, the participants mispronunced 30 English words which consists of vowels (/a/, /ə/, /e/, and /æ/), consonants (/ʃ/, /k/, /Ө/, and /v/) and diphthongs (/aʊ/ and /ɪə/).

Keywords : Students’ Perception, Speaking, Mispronunciation, English


Penelitian ini bertujan untuk mengidentifikasi berbagai masalah dalam berbicara yang dihadapi oleh mahasiswi-mahasiswi semester enam Program Studi Bahasa Inggris UIGM berdasarkan opini mereka, untuk mengungkap macam-macam aktivitas berbicara yang mereka harap dapat disertakan dalam mata kuliah speaking, dan untuk mengungkap berapa banyak kesalahan pengucapan yang mereka buat selama wawancara. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif. Partisipan-partisipan dari penelitian ini adalah empat mahasiswi semester enam Program Studi Bahasa Inggris UIGM. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah wawancara. Hasil dari analisa menunjukkan bahwa para partisipan memiliki masalah dalam berbicara yang terbagi dalam 2 macam inti masalah; masalah-masalah psikologis dan masalah-masalah kebahasaan. Masalah-masalah psikologis meliputi perasaan gugup dan takut untuk berbicara menggunakan bahasa Inggris di depan kelas. Masalah kedua adalah masalah-masalah kebahasaan, yang meliputi masalah dalam unsur-unsur berbicara seperti pengucapan, tata bahasa, dan kosakata. Para partisipan menyarankan empat aktivitas yang mereka harap dapat disertakan dalam mata kuliah speaking; menyanyi, hari berbahasa Inggris, bercakap-cakap dengan penutur asli bahasa Inggris, dan menjadi panitia acara internasional. Terakhir, para partisipan keliru dalam mengucapkan 30 kata berbahasa Inggris yang mengandung huruf vokal (/a/, /ə/, /e/, and /æ/), konsonan (/ʃ/, /k/, /Ө/, and /v/) dan diftong (/aʊ/ and /ɪə/).

Kata kunci : Persepsi Mahasiswa, Berbicara, Kesalahan Pengucapan, Bahasa Inggris

Full Text:



Abbaspour, F. 2016. Speaking competence and its components: A review of literature. International Journal of Research in Linguistics, Language Teaching and Testing, 1(4), 144-152.

Anggraini, R. W. 2014. The communicative language teaching technique to master speaking skill for the students at SMA negeri 3 Palembang. Global Expert: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 3(1), 36-44.

Bailey, K.M. 2003. Speaking. In D. Nunan (Ed.), Practical English Language Teaching. New York: McGraw-Hill

Burns, A. 2003. Understanding Pronunciation. In A. Burns & S. Claire (Eds.), Clearly Speaking: Pronunciation in Action for Teachers (pp. 5-8). Sydney: Macquaire University.

Creswell, J. W. 2012. Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Reseacrh (4th ed). Boston, MA: Pearson Education.

Febriyanti, E. R. 2011. Teaching speaking of English as a foreign language: Problems and solutions. Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 1(2), 1-16.

Fitriani, D. A., Apriliaswati, R., & Wardah. 2015. A study on students' English speaking problems in speaking performance. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran, 4(9), 1-13.

Gilakjani, A. P. 2012. A study of factors affecting EFL learners' English pronunciation learning and the strategies for instruction. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2(3), 119-128.

Goktepe, F. T. 2014. Speaking problems of 9th grade high school Turkish learners of L2 English and possible reasons for those problems: Exploring the teachers and students’ perspectives. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116(2014), 1875-1879.

Hande, S. 2014. Strengths weaknesses opportunities and threats of blended learning: Students’ perceptions. Annals of medical and health sciences research, 4(3), 336-339. doi:10.4103/2141-9248.133455.

Heaton, J. B. 1990. Writing English Language Tests (New Ed). Longman: New York,

Holliday, A. 2007. Doing and Writing Qualitative Research (2nd Edition). London: SAGE Publications.

Kocaman, O. & Balcioglu, L. 2013. Student perceptions on the development of speaking skills: A course evaluation in the preparatory class. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 106(2013), 2470 - 2483

Mazouzi, M. S. 2013. Analysis of Some Factors Affecting Learners’ Oral Performance (Master's thesis). Retrieved from

Merriam, S. B. 2009. Qualitative Research: A Guide to Design and Implementation. San Fransisco: Jossey-Bas.

Munro, M. J., & Derwing, T. M. (2011). The foundations of accent and intelligibility in pronunciation research. Language Teaching, 44(3), 316-327. DOI: 10.1017/S0261444811000103.

Nazara, S. 2011. Students' perception on EFL speaking skill development. (JET) Journal of English Teaching, 1(1), 28-43.

Nunan, D. 2015. Teaching English to Speakers of Other Language: An Introduction. New York: Routledge.

Nurhayati, D. A. W., Djatmika, D., Santosa, R., & Wiratno, T. 2016. Indonesian influence in developing speaking skill in learning English: EFL learners’ impediments. Prosiding Prasasti, 1(2016), 207-211.

Oxford Royale Academy. 2014. Essential skills for undergraduate life: The 13 things you should know how to do before you go to university. Retrieved from

Pallawa, B. A. 2013. A comparative analysis between english and indonesian phonological systems. International Journal of English Language Education, 1(3), 103-129. Retrieved from

Riggenbach, H. 1998. Evaluating Learner Interactional Skills: Conversation at the Micro Level. In R. Young & A. W. He (Eds.), Talking an Testing: Discourse Approaches to the Assessment of Oral Proficiency (pp. 53-67). Amsterdam: John Benjamin Publishing.

Salem, A. A. M. S. & Dyiar, M. A. A. 2014. The relationship between speaking anxiety and oral fluency of special education Arab learners of English. Asian Social Science, 10(12), 170-176.

Sayuri. 2016. English speaking problems of EFL learners of Mulawarman university. Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics, 1(1), 47-61.

Sentürk, B, A. 2012. Teachers’ and students’ perceptions of flow in speaking activities. Int. Journal of Management Economics and Business, 8(16), p. 283-306.

Syuryanto, A. M. 2011. Improving Students’ Ability in Speaking through Speaking Competition. In H. Cahyani & B. Y. Cahyono (Eds.), Best Practices in the Teaching of English (pp. 67-79). Malang: State University of Malang Press.

Wallen, N. F. & Fraenkle, J. R. 2009. How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education (7th ed). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Yates, L. 2002. Fact Sheet - What is Pronunciation? Retrieved from

Yates, L. & Wahid, R. 2013. Challenges to brand Australia: International students and the problem with speaking. Higher Education Research & Development, 32(6), 1037-1050.

Yusmita, A. & Angraini, N. 2017. The effect of English songs on the seventh grade students' pronunciation achievement in SMP srijaya negara Palembang. Global Expert: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 6(1), 14-20.



  • There are currently no refbacks.